Pranayama Global Yoga ShalaPranayama means “extension of the breath.” Known by yogis as the fourth limb of Patanjali’s 8-limb path, Pranayama is the conscious practice of harnessing the breath in order to create certain desired effects on the mind and nervous system. In order to calm or stimulate the mind and body, students learn to recognize and utilize the four parts of the breath (inhale, pause, exhale, pause), and the parts of the breathing body (mouth, nose, throat, lungs, ribs and breathing diaphragm, etc.) in different ways. Some examples of common Pranayama practices are alternate nostril breathing, increased length of exhale relative to inhale and softly pumping the diaphragm during exhalation.